java poi读取excel操作示例(2个代码)

      2020-03-31 00:47      JAVA编程
这篇文章主要介绍了使用POI读取EXCEL文件的方法,代码大家可以参考使用

项目中要求读取excel文件内容,并将其转化为xml格式。常见读取excel文档一般使用POI和JExcelAPI这两个工具。这里我们介绍使用POI实现读取excel文档。

复制代码 代码如下:
/*
* 使用POI读取EXCEL文件
*/
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;

/**
*
* @author Hanbin
*/
public class ReadExcel {

/**
* @param args the command line arguments
*/
public static void main(String[] args)throws Exception {
read("d:\\demo.xls");
}

public static ArrayList read(String fileName){
ArrayList list = new ArrayList();
String sql = "";
try{
File f = new File(fileName);
FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(f);
HSSFWorkbook wbs = new HSSFWorkbook(fis);
HSSFSheet childSheet = wbs.getSheetAt(0);
System.out.println("行数:" + childSheet.getLastRowNum());
for(int i = 4;i<childSheet.getLastRowNum();i++){
HSSFRow row = childSheet.getRow(i);
System.out.println("列数:" + row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells());
if(null != row){
for(int k=1;k<row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells();k++){
HSSFCell cell;
cell = row.getCell((short)k);
// System.out.print(getStringCellValue(cell) + "\t");
list.add(getStringCellValue(cell) + "\t");
}
}
}
}catch(Exception e){
e.printStackTrace();
}
return list;
}
/**
* 获取单元格数据内容为字符串类型的数据
*
* @param cell Excel单元格
* @return String 单元格数据内容
*/
private static String getStringCellValue(HSSFCell cell) {
String strCell = "";
switch (cell.getCellType()) {
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
strCell = cell.getStringCellValue();
break;
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
strCell = String.valueOf(cell.getNumericCellValue());
break;
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BOOLEAN:
strCell = String.valueOf(cell.getBooleanCellValue());
break;
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BLANK:
strCell = "";
break;
default:
strCell = "";
break;
}
if (strCell.equals("") || strCell == null) {
return "";
}
if (cell == null) {
return "";
}
return strCell;
}
}

再来一个例子

复制代码 代码如下:
package edu.sjtu.erplab.poi;

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFDateUtil;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.poifs.filesystem.POIFSFileSystem;

/**
* 操作Excel表格的功能类
*/
public class ExcelReader {
private POIFSFileSystem fs;
private HSSFWorkbook wb;
private HSSFSheet sheet;
private HSSFRow row;

/**
* 读取Excel表格表头的内容
* @param InputStream
* @return String 表头内容的数组
*/
public String[] readExcelTitle(InputStream is) {
try {
fs = new POIFSFileSystem(is);
wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
row = sheet.getRow(0);
// 标题总列数
int colNum = row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells();
System.out.println("colNum:" + colNum);
String[] title = new String[colNum];
for (int i = 0; i < colNum; i++) {
//title[i] = getStringCellValue(row.getCell((short) i));
title[i] = getCellFormatValue(row.getCell((short) i));
}
return title;
}

/**
* 读取Excel数据内容
* @param InputStream
* @return Map 包含单元格数据内容的Map对象
*/
public Map<Integer, String> readExcelContent(InputStream is) {
Map<Integer, String> content = new HashMap<Integer, String>();
String str = "";
try {
fs = new POIFSFileSystem(is);
wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
// 得到总行数
int rowNum = sheet.getLastRowNum();
row = sheet.getRow(0);
int colNum = row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells();
// 正文内容应该从第二行开始,第一行为表头的标题
for (int i = 1; i <= rowNum; i++) {
row = sheet.getRow(i);
int j = 0;
while (j < colNum) {
// 每个单元格的数据内容用"-"分割开,以后需要时用String类的replace()方法还原数据
// 也可以将每个单元格的数据设置到一个javabean的属性中,此时需要新建一个javabean
// str += getStringCellValue(row.getCell((short) j)).trim() +
// "-";
str += getCellFormatValue(row.getCell((short) j)).trim() + " ";
j++;
}
content.put(i, str);
str = "";
}
return content;
}

/**
* 获取单元格数据内容为字符串类型的数据
*
* @param cell Excel单元格
* @return String 单元格数据内容
*/
private String getStringCellValue(HSSFCell cell) {
String strCell = "";
switch (cell.getCellType()) {
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
strCell = cell.getStringCellValue();
break;
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
strCell = String.valueOf(cell.getNumericCellValue());
break;
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BOOLEAN:
strCell = String.valueOf(cell.getBooleanCellValue());
break;
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BLANK:
strCell = "";
break;
default:
strCell = "";
break;
}
if (strCell.equals("") || strCell == null) {
return "";
}
if (cell == null) {
return "";
}
return strCell;
}

/**
* 获取单元格数据内容为日期类型的数据
*
* @param cell
* Excel单元格
* @return String 单元格数据内容
*/
private String getDateCellValue(HSSFCell cell) {
String result = "";
try {
int cellType = cell.getCellType();
if (cellType == HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC) {
Date date = cell.getDateCellValue();
result = (date.getYear() + 1900) + "-" + (date.getMonth() + 1)
+ "-" + date.getDate();
} else if (cellType == HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING) {
String date = getStringCellValue(cell);
result = date.replaceAll("[年月]", "-").replace("日", "").trim();
} else if (cellType == HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BLANK) {
result = "";
}
} catch (Exception e) {
System.out.println("日期格式不正确!");
e.printStackTrace();
}
return result;
}

/**
* 根据HSSFCell类型设置数据
* @param cell
* @return
*/
private String getCellFormatValue(HSSFCell cell) {
String cellvalue = "";
if (cell != null) {
// 判断当前Cell的Type
switch (cell.getCellType()) {
// 如果当前Cell的Type为NUMERIC
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_FORMULA: {
// 判断当前的cell是否为Date
if (HSSFDateUtil.isCellDateFormatted(cell)) {
// 如果是Date类型则,转化为Data格式

//方法1:这样子的data格式是带时分秒的:2011-10-12 0:00:00
//cellvalue = cell.getDateCellValue().toLocaleString();

//方法2:这样子的data格式是不带带时分秒的:2011-10-12
Date date = cell.getDateCellValue();
SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
cellvalue = sdf.format(date);

}
// 如果是纯数字
else {
// 取得当前Cell的数值
cellvalue = String.valueOf(cell.getNumericCellValue());
}
break;
}
// 如果当前Cell的Type为STRIN
case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
// 取得当前的Cell字符串
cellvalue = cell.getRichStringCellValue().getString();
break;
// 默认的Cell值
default:
cellvalue = " ";
}
} else {
cellvalue = "";
}
return cellvalue;

}

public static void main(String[] args) {
try {
// 对读取Excel表格标题测试
InputStream is = new FileInputStream("d:\\test2.xls");
ExcelReader excelReader = new ExcelReader();
String[] title = excelReader.readExcelTitle(is);
System.out.println("获得Excel表格的标题:");
for (String s : title) {
System.out.print(s + " ");
}

// 对读取Excel表格内容测试
InputStream is2 = new FileInputStream("d:\\test2.xls");
Map<Integer, String> map = excelReader.readExcelContent(is2);
System.out.println("获得Excel表格的内容:");
for (int i = 1; i <= map.size(); i++) {
System.out.println(map.get(i));
}

} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
System.out.println("未找到指定路径的文件!");
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}